About Kagyu Monlam

36th 法會行程

2019年1月9日至1月21日

威儀大會考

1月9-11日 

 
   
7:00-9:00 pm • 威儀大會考 (祈願會場)

前行課程
直播

1月9日 第1天 

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • 金剛總持祈文(296, 133)
  • 三十七供曼達 (633)
  • 開示/恆河大手印 
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • 念誦度母讚和飲茶
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • 開示/恆河大手印 
  • 了義大手印祈願文(374, 382)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • 金剛總持祈請文(296,133)
  • 三十七供曼達
  • 開示/恆河大手印 
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm

• 念誦度母讚和飲茶

   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • 開示/恆河大手印 
  • 了義大手印祈願文(374, 382)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
   

1月10日 第2天 

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • 金剛總持祈文(296, 133)
  • 三十七供曼達 (633)
  • 開示/恆河大手印 
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • 念誦度母讚和飲茶
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • 開示/恆河大手印 
  • 了義大手印祈願文(374, 382)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • 金剛總持祈請文(296,133)
  • 三十七供曼達
  • 開示/恆河大手印 
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm

• 念誦度母讚和飲茶

   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • 開示/恆河大手印 
  • 了義大手印祈願文(374, 382)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
   

1月11日 第3日 

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • 金剛總持祈請文(296, 133)
  • 三十七供曼達 (633)
  • 開示/恆河大手印 
   
9:30 - 10:00 am

• 念誦度母讚和飲茶

   
10:00 - 11:30 am • 開示/恆河大手印 
  • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 了義大手印祈願文(374, 402) 
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • 金剛總持祈請文(296, 133)
  • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 開示/恆河大手印 
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • 念誦度母讚和飲茶 
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • 開示/恆河大手印 
  • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 了義大手印祈願文(374, 402)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)

五尊勝海觀音灌頂
直播

1月13日

   
9:00 am • 五尊勝海(紅)觀音灌頂

修持那洛瑜伽

1月13-19日 

 
   
8:00 - 11:00 pm • 修持那洛瑜伽 (德噶寺大殿)

第36屆噶舉大祈願法會
直播

1月14日 第1天

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • 大乘布薩律儀(17, 增6)
  • 梵文三常誦(21, 增11)
  • 皈依發心(49-62, 35-59)
  • 讚佛頌(63, 61)
  • 彌勒讚佛頌(81-98, 80)
  • 懺悔支(100-118, 146-168)
  • 迴向支(128-138, 180)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 菩薩戒傳承祈請文(298)
  • 開示課程: 《修心七要》
  • 禪修(五分鐘)
  • 菩提道次第祈願文(363, 389)
  • 親誦簡略迴向(198, 260)
  • 冥陽迴向文(198, 260)
  • 祈願成就真言(203, 260)
  • 十方四世諸佛菩薩祈願文(641)
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • 普賢行願品(139, 194)
  • 慈氏願文(153, 210)
  • 《入菩薩行論》迴向品(159, 217)
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • 實語成就祈願文(355, 380)
  • 祝禱有情福樂文(359, 384)
  • 菩提道次第祈願文(363, 389)
  • 無分別持教長壽祈請文(209, 274)
  • 長壽願文(620, 增27)
  • 黑袍護法兄妹簡略祈請文(494, 增41)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
  • 天子所問吉祥偈(225, 291 )
  • 月藏經 ( 205, 269 )
  • 成就實諦文(249, 320)
 

1月15日 第2天

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • 大乘布薩律儀(17, 增6)
  • 梵文三常誦(21, 增11)
  • 皈依發心(49-62, 35-59)
  • 佛說護國尊者所問大乘經(74, 73)
  • 文殊菩薩禮讚文(255, 95)
  • 觀世音禮讚文(255, 95)
  • 懺悔支等(100-138, 146-192)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 菩薩戒傳承祈請文(298)
  • 開示課程: 《修心七要》
  • 禪修(五分鐘)
  • 菩提道次第祈願文(363, 389)
  • 親誦簡略迴向(198, 260)
  • 冥陽迴向文(198, 260)
  • 祈願成就真言(203, 267)
  • 十方四世諸佛菩薩祈願文(641)
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • 普賢行願品(139, 194)
  • 極樂淨土願文(172, 233)
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • 香法願文(365, 391)
  • 三十願文(372, 399)
  • 無分別持教長壽願文(209, 274)
  • 長壽願文(620, 增27)
  • 黑袍護法兄妹簡略祈請文(494, 增41)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
  • 十二行誼吉祥文(218, 286)
  • 月藏經(205, 269)
  • 成就實諦文(249, 320)
 

1月16日 第3天

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • 大乘菩薩律儀(17, 增6)
 

• 梵文三常誦(21, 增11)

  • 皈依發心(49-62, 35-59)
  • 彌勒讚佛頌(81-98, 80)
  • 慈氏讚(263, 101)
  • 懺悔支等(100-138, 146-192)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 菩薩戒傳承祈請文(298)
  • 開示課程: 《修心七要》
  • 禪修(五分鐘)
  • 菩提道次第祈願文(363, 389)
  • 親誦簡略迴向(198, 267)
  • 冥陽迴向文(198, 260)
  • 祈願成就真言(203, 267)
  • 十方四世諸佛菩薩祈願文(641)
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • 度母讚,妙音天女讚(305-329, 324-353)
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • 直貢噶舉觀音願文(380, 409)
  • 達隆噶舉二十祈願文(387, 417)
  • 卓普零星寶祈願文(392, 423)
  • 無分別持教長壽願文(209,274))
  • 長壽願文(620, 增27)
  • 黑袍護法兄妹簡略祈請文(494, 增41)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
  • 根本說一切有部毗奈耶藥事(215, 282)
  • 月藏經(205, 269)
  • 成就實諦文(249, 320)
 

1月17日 第4天

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • 大乘菩薩律儀(17, 增6)
  • 梵文三常誦(21, 增11)
  • 皈依發心(49-62, 35-59)
  • 彌勒讚佛頌(81-98, 80)
  • 大地妙莊嚴禮讚文(278, 119)
  • 讚嘆吉祥普賢菩薩發願文(280, 122)
  • 六嚴二聖禮讚文(291, 127)
  • 懺悔支等(100-138, 146-192)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 菩薩戒傳承祈請文(298)
  • 開示課程: 《修心七要》
  • 禪修(五分鐘)
  • 菩提道次第祈願文(363, 389)
  • 親誦簡略迴向(198, 260)
  • 冥陽迴向文(198, 260)
  • 祈願成就真言(203, 267)
  • 十方四世諸佛菩薩祈願文(641)
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • 蓮師消除障道祈請文(331, 354)
  • 願望任運自然成就祈請頌(343, 369)
 

• 請求之除障文 

   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • 耶巴噶舉祈願文(399, 436)
  • 如意寶願文(400)
  • 七妙行祈願文(403)
  • 無分別持教長壽願文(209, 274)
  • 長壽願文(620, 增27)
  • 黑袍護法兄妹簡略祈請文(494, 增41)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
  • 最聖導師(213, 280)
  • 月藏經(205, 269)
  • 成就實諦文(249, 320)
 

1月18日 第5天 

   
6:00 - 8:00 am • 大乘布薩律儀(17, 增6)
  • 梵文三常誦(21, 增11)
  • 皈依發心(49-62, 35-59)
  • 彌勒讚佛頌(81-98, 80)
  • 二十五祖祈請文(294, 131)
  • 金剛總持祈請文(296, 133)
  • 懺悔支等(100-138, 146-192)
  • 《寶行王正論》第五品(135, 188)
   
8:00 am • 甘珠爾藏經繞塔 
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • 三十七供曼達(633)
  • 佛行十二行誼讚(88)
  • 唸誦大藏經
  • 十方四世諸佛菩薩祈願文(641)
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • 蓮師七句祈請文(330)
  • 教政祈願文(另本)
  • 請求之除障文 
  • 達賴喇嘛尊者長壽祈請文(619, 增20)
  • 薩迦法王長壽祈請文
  • 寧瑪傳承大師長壽祈請文
3:30 - 5:00 pm • 普賢行願品(139, 194)
  • 了義大手印祈願文(374, 402)
  • 巴絨噶舉祈願文(425, 437)
  • 至尊帕摩竹巴座間願文(428, 440)
  • 蔡巴噶舉祈願文(430, 442)
  • 岡倉噶舉不共迴向願文(436, 449)
  • 無分別持教長壽願文(209, 274)
  • 上師長壽祈願文(629)
  • 黑袍護法兄妹簡略祈請文(494, 增41)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
  • 三寶吉祥文(213, 279)
  • 月藏經(205, 256)
  • 成就實諦文(249, 320)
 

1月19日 第6天

   
6:00 am • 大乘布薩律儀(17, 增6)
  • 梵文三常誦(21, 增11)
  • 皈依發心(49-51, 35-39)
  • 十六羅漢禮供文(485, 501)
  • 無盡有情(57, 50)
  • 十六羅漢禮供文(485, 501)
  • 簡略供養文(99, 144)
 

• 簡略懺悔文(110, 157)

  • 隨喜文(117, 166)
  • 十六羅漢禮供文(485, 501)
   
7:00 am

• 十六羅漢繞巡儀式

   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • 法王特別開示 
  • 三蘊經(100, 146)
  • 不動佛國經(503)
  • 現喜淨土願文(451, 463)
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • 阿彌陀佛極樂淨土祈願文(460, 475)
  • 無分別持教長壽願文(209, 274)
  • 上師長壽祈願文(629)
  • 黑袍護法兄妹簡略祈請文(494, 增41)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
  • 最勝導師(213, 280)
  • 月藏經(205, 269)
  • 成就實諦文(249, 320)
   
5:00 pm • 不動佛超薦(德噶寺大殿玄關)
 
8:00 pm • 道歌海與六瑜伽(德噶寺大殿,完成三年三個月閉關之喇嘛)

1月20日 第7天 

   
6:30 am • 布衣繞行(德噶寺大殿至祈願會場,完成三年三個月閉關之喇嘛)
   
6:00 am • 大乘布薩律儀(17, 增6)
  • 梵文三常誦(21, 增11)
  • 供奉上師儀軌(551-580, 增132-161)
  • 辯經法會學僧辯經
  • 唱誦緣起心要歌
  • 供奉上師儀軌(580-588, 增132-161)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • 三蘊經(100, 146)
  • 供奉上師儀軌(588, 增161/47)
   
1:00 - 2:30 pm • 藥師七佛供養簡軌(519, 增88/74)
   
3:00 - 5:00 pm • 宣揚信施功德(232-242, 299-311)
  • 法王特別開示(三十分鐘)
  • 大祈願文(179, 242)
  • 密勒願文(444, 456)
  • 雪域安樂願文(447, 460)
  • 吉祥授位道歌(243, 312)
  • 三寶吉祥文(213, 279)
  • 嘎千吉祥文(245, 315)
  • 成就實諦文(249, 320)
   

點燈祈願法會
直播

1月21日 

 
   
7:30 pm • 點燈祈願法會

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JANUARY 13, 2019 • 9:00 am

India Standard Time (IST) +05:30 UTC

 

The Torma Empowerment of the Five Deities of Gyalwa Gyatso

 

LIVE WEBCAST

36th Kagyu Monlam Program

January 9 - January 21, 2019

The Grand Examination of Monastic Forms

January 9-11

 
   
7:00 - 9:00 pm • The Grand Examination of Monastic Forms

Pre-Monlam Teachings
Live Webcast

January 9, Day 1

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   

January 10, Day 2

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   

January 11, Day 3

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )

The Torma Empowerment of the Five Deities of Gyalwa Gyatso
Live Webcast

 

January 13

   
9:00 am • The Torma Empowerment of the Five Deities of Gyalwa Gyatso

Exercises from the Yogas of Naropa

January 13-19

 
   
8:00 - 11:00 pm • Exercises from the Yogas of Naropa

The 36th Kagyu Monlam
Live Webcast

January 14, Day 1

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from the Sutra of Ornamental Appearances ( 43, 36 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • An Explenation from the Sutra in Three Sections
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • The Dedication from the Light of Gold Sutra and following ( 106–116, 100–110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • Maitreya’s Aspiration ( 130, 124 )
  • The Aspiration from the Way of the Bodhisattva ( 136, 130 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Accomplishment of True Words ( 333, 309 )
  • Joy and Comfort for Beings ( 337, 313 )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • Verses on Joy and Goodness from the Sutra Requested by a God ( 197, 191 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 15, Day 2

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from the Rashtrapala Sutra and following ( 54–80, 47–72 )
  • A Praise of Manjushri ( 227, 221 )
  • Praise of Noble Avalokiteshvara ( 229, 223 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81-116, 74-110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • The Sukhavati Prayer “I prostrate with respect” ( 149, 143 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • An Aspiration for the Dharma of the Shangpa Kagyu ( 343, 319 )
  • The Thirty Aspirations ( 351, 327 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • The Auspiciousness of Twelve Deeds ( 190, 184 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 16, Day 3

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • Brahma’s Crown: A Praise of Maitreya ( 234, 228 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81-116, 74-110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Praises of Tara and Sarasvati ( 281–306, 259–284 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Aspiration of Avalokita ( 360, 336 )
  • Twenty Aspirations of Taklungthangpa ( 367, 343 )
  • The Aspiration of Trophu ( 372, 348 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “May he who utterly conquers greed...” ( 187, 181 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 17, Day 4

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • The Praise “Beautiful Ornament of the Earth” ( 251, 244 )
  • Praise of Shri Samantabhadra with Aspirations ( 254, 246 )
  • Praise of the Six Ornaments and Two Great Beings ( 267, 250 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81–116, 74–110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Clearing the Path of Obstacles ( 308, 285 )
  • Spontaneous Fulfillment of Wishes ( 321, 297 )
  • Requested Prayers for the Removal of Obstacles
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • Yelpa’s Aspiration ( 379, 358 )
  • The Aspiration "The Wish-Fulfilling Jewel" ( 380 )
  • An Aspiration for the Seven Spiritual Trainings ( 383 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 559–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “I prostrate to the Buddha...” ( 186, 180 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 18, Day 5

   
6:00 - 8:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • Supplication of the Twenty-Five Chariots ( 270, 253 )
  • The Short Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81–116, 74–110 )
  • The Aspiration from the Ratnavali ( 113 )
   
8:00 am • Kangyur Procession
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering
  • The Praise of the Twelve Deeds( 69 )
  • Reading the Kangyur
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Seven-Line Prayer ( 307 )
  • Prayers for the Well-Being of Tibet ( no English text )
  • Long Life Prayer for His Holiness the Dalai Lama ( 595 )
  • Long Life Prayer for His Holiness the Sakya Trizin ( separate text, S7 )
  • Long Life Prayer for the head of the Nyingma Lineage ( seperate text)
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • The Aspiration of the Mahamudra of Definitive Meaning ( 353, 329 )
  • The Barom Aspiration ( 405, 359 )
  • Phagmodrupa's Aspiration (408, 362 )
  • The Tsalpa Aspiration ( 410, 364 )
  • The Uncommon Dedication and Aspiration( 416, 370 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “May he who utterly...” ( 187, 181 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 19, Day 6

   
6:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Prostrations and Offerings to the 16 Elders ( 469-471, 421-423 )
  • "For each and every being ( a protector... )" ( 37-42, 31-35 )
  • "Peerless, the sight of you never satiates..." ( 471-477, 423-429 )
  • Abbreviated offerings ( 80, 73 )
  • Abbreviated confessions ( 91, 83 )
  • Rejoicing and so forth ( 96-97, 89–90 )
  • “Arya arhats, emanations...” (478, 429–30)
   
7:00 am • Sixteen Arhat Procession
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Memorial Service for His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the late King of Thailand
  • The Sutra in Three Sections ( 81, 74 )
  • Reading the Akshobya Sutra ( 487, S31 )
  • An Aspiration for the Rebirth in the Realm of Abhirati ( 431, 387 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • An Aspiration for Birth in Sukhavati ( 442, 397 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “I prostrate to the Buddha...” ( 186, 180 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • T"he one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
   
5:00 pm • Akshobya Fire Puja for the Deceased
 

January 20, Day 7

   
6:30 am • Cotton-Clad Procession; Retreat lamas who have completed the three-year retreat
   
6:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Offerings to the Gurus ( 533-561, S96-103 )
  • Debate by Monks from the Kagyu Guncho
  • Presentation of Prizes for the 20th Kagyu Guncho
  • Offering the Song of the Essence of Interdependence
  • Recognition of Cotton-Clad Lamas
  • Presentation of the Prizes from the Grand Examination of Monastic Forms
  • Offerings to the Gurus (561–569, S-104–S111)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • The Sutra in Three Sections ( 81, 74 )
  • Offering to the Gurus ( 562, S111 )
   
1:00 - 2:30 pm • Offerings to the Medicine Buddha ( 501, S45 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • Appreciation of the Sponsors ( 204–214, 198–208 )
  • Special Address ( 30 min. )
  • The Great Aspiration and Dedication ( 157-180, 151-170 )
  • Mila’s Aspiration ( 424, 379 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • Lord Marpa’s Song of Auspiciousness ( 215, 209 )
  • Auspicious Prayers from the Vinaya Topics ( 185, 179 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • The Auspiciousness of the Great Encampment ( 217, 211 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)

The Marme Monlam
Live Webcast

 

January 21

   
7:30 pm

Marme Monlam

35th Kagyu Monlam Program

February 22 - March 5 2018

The Grand Examination of Monastic Forms

January 9-11

 
   
7:00 - 9:00 pm • The Grand Examination of Monastic Forms

Pre-Monlam Teachings
Live Webcast

January 9, Day 1

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   

January 10, Day 2

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   

January 11, Day 3

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Teaching on the the Ganges Mahamudra
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )

The Torma Empowerment of the Five Deities of Gyalwa Gyatso
Live Webcast

 

January 13

   
9:00 am • The Torma Empowerment of the Five Deities of Gyalwa Gyatso

Exercises from the Yogas of Naropa

January 13-19

 
   
8:00 - 11:00 pm • Exercises from the Yogas of Naropa

The 36th Kagyu Monlam
Live Webcast

January 14, Day 1

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from the Sutra of Ornamental Appearances ( 43, 36 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • An Explenation from the Sutra in Three Sections
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • The Dedication from the Light of Gold Sutra and following ( 106–116, 100–110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • Maitreya’s Aspiration ( 130, 124 )
  • The Aspiration from the Way of the Bodhisattva ( 136, 130 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Accomplishment of True Words ( 333, 309 )
  • Joy and Comfort for Beings ( 337, 313 )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • Verses on Joy and Goodness from the Sutra Requested by a God ( 197, 191 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 15, Day 2

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from the Rashtrapala Sutra and following ( 54–80, 47–72 )
  • A Praise of Manjushri ( 227, 221 )
  • Praise of Noble Avalokiteshvara ( 229, 223 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81-116, 74-110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • The Sukhavati Prayer “I prostrate with respect” ( 149, 143 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • An Aspiration for the Dharma of the Shangpa Kagyu ( 343, 319 )
  • The Thirty Aspirations ( 351, 327 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • The Auspiciousness of Twelve Deeds ( 190, 184 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 16, Day 3

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • Brahma’s Crown: A Praise of Maitreya ( 234, 228 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81-116, 74-110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Praises of Tara and Sarasvati ( 281–306, 259–284 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Aspiration of Avalokita ( 360, 336 )
  • Twenty Aspirations of Taklungthangpa ( 367, 343 )
  • The Aspiration of Trophu ( 372, 348 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “May he who utterly conquers greed...” ( 187, 181 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 17, Day 4

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • The Praise “Beautiful Ornament of the Earth” ( 251, 244 )
  • Praise of Shri Samantabhadra with Aspirations ( 254, 246 )
  • Praise of the Six Ornaments and Two Great Beings ( 267, 250 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81–116, 74–110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on The Seven Points of Mind Training
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Clearing the Path of Obstacles ( 308, 285 )
  • Spontaneous Fulfillment of Wishes ( 321, 297 )
  • Requested Prayers for the Removal of Obstacles
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • Yelpa’s Aspiration ( 379, 358 )
  • The Aspiration "The Wish-Fulfilling Jewel" ( 380 )
  • An Aspiration for the Seven Spiritual Trainings ( 383 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 559–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “I prostrate to the Buddha...” ( 186, 180 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 18, Day 5

   
6:00 - 8:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • Supplication of the Twenty-Five Chariots ( 270, 253 )
  • The Short Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81–116, 74–110 )
  • The Aspiration from the Ratnavali ( 113 )
   
8:00 am • Kangyur Procession
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering
  • The Praise of the Twelve Deeds( 69 )
  • Reading the Kangyur
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Seven-Line Prayer ( 307 )
  • Prayers for the Well-Being of Tibet ( no English text )
  • Long Life Prayer for His Holiness the Dalai Lama ( 595 )
  • Long Life Prayer for His Holiness the Sakya Trizin ( separate text, S7 )
  • Long Life Prayer for the head of the Nyingma Lineage ( seperate text)
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • The Aspiration of the Mahamudra of Definitive Meaning ( 353, 329 )
  • The Barom Aspiration ( 405, 359 )
  • Phagmodrupa's Aspiration (408, 362 )
  • The Tsalpa Aspiration ( 410, 364 )
  • The Uncommon Dedication and Aspiration( 416, 370 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “May he who utterly...” ( 187, 181 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

January 19, Day 6

   
6:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Prostrations and Offerings to the 16 Elders ( 469-471, 421-423 )
  • "For each and every being ( a protector... )" ( 37-42, 31-35 )
  • "Peerless, the sight of you never satiates..." ( 471-477, 423-429 )
  • Abbreviated offerings ( 80, 73 )
  • Abbreviated confessions ( 91, 83 )
  • Rejoicing and so forth ( 96-97, 89–90 )
  • “Arya arhats, emanations...” (478, 429–30)
   
7:00 am • Sixteen Arhat Procession
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Memorial Service for His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the late King of Thailand
  • The Sutra in Three Sections ( 81, 74 )
  • Reading the Akshobya Sutra ( 487, S31 )
  • An Aspiration for the Rebirth in the Realm of Abhirati ( 431, 387 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • An Aspiration for Birth in Sukhavati ( 442, 397 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “I prostrate to the Buddha...” ( 186, 180 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • T"he one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
   
5:00 pm • Akshobya Fire Puja for the Deceased
 

January 20, Day 7

   
6:30 am • Cotton-Clad Procession; Retreat lamas who have completed the three-year retreat
   
6:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Offerings to the Gurus ( 533-561, S96-103 )
  • Debate by Monks from the Kagyu Guncho
  • Presentation of Prizes for the 20th Kagyu Guncho
  • Offering the Song of the Essence of Interdependence
  • Recognition of Cotton-Clad Lamas
  • Presentation of the Prizes from the Grand Examination of Monastic Forms
  • Offerings to the Gurus (561–569, S-104–S111)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • The Sutra in Three Sections ( 81, 74 )
  • Offering to the Gurus ( 562, S111 )
   
1:00 - 2:30 pm • Offerings to the Medicine Buddha ( 501, S45 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • Appreciation of the Sponsors ( 204–214, 198–208 )
  • Special Address ( 30 min. )
  • The Great Aspiration and Dedication ( 157-180, 151-170 )
  • Mila’s Aspiration ( 424, 379 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • Lord Marpa’s Song of Auspiciousness ( 215, 209 )
  • Auspicious Prayers from the Vinaya Topics ( 185, 179 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • The Auspiciousness of the Great Encampment ( 217, 211 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)

The Marme Monlam

 

January 21

   
7:30 pm

Marme Monlam

About the Kagyu Monlam

The Kagyu Monlam is a major international prayer festival held annually in Bodhgaya, India, one of the most sacred sites for Buddhists worldwide. Thousands of people gather together in order to listen to Buddhist teachings and to pray for peace and harmony on earth  and  the well-being  and happiness of all the world. His Holiness the 17th Karmapa, Ogyen Trinley Dorje, head of the Karma Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism, presides over the festival. 

History:
Though the Kagyu Monlam belongs fully to the contemporary world, its roots lie in 15th-century Tibet, where the 7th Karmapa, Chödrak Gyatso, established the tradition of great prayer gatherings.  People from all over Tibet assembled annually to pray for the benefit of all sentient beings. In India, the Monlam tradition began in 1983, when two great lamas in the Kagyu tradition of Tibetan Buddhism, Kalu Rinpoche and Bokar Rinpoche, began holding annual prayer gatherings at the Mahabodhi Temple in Bodhgaya.

After the 17th Karmapa assumed responsibility for the festival in 2004, he brought in many innovations, creating the international festival that exists today. Under his leadership, the size and scope of the event have increased greatly.  Recent Monlams have been attended by approximately 7,000 monks and nuns, supported by more than 3,000 lay followers.  Many special events such as empowerments draw crowds of more than 12,000 Buddhists.

From its humble beginnings, the Monlam has become a truly international prayer festival, meeting the needs of an international Buddhist community.   Followers travel to Bodhgaya to join the Monlam not only from across India, Nepal and the Himalayan region, but from more than 50 different countries in South Asia, North America and South America, Africa and Europe. In addition, thousands of devotees worldwide watch the webcast of the festival live via Internet. The special book of prayers, compiled by the Karmapa, is available in 13 languages— in the original Tibetan, and in Hindi, Nepali, English, Spanish, Chinese, French, German, Polish, Russian, Indonesian, Korean, and Vietnamese. Oral translation into these languages is available over FM radio at the events themselves and on the webcast.   In recognition of the origins of Buddhism in India and its connection with ancient Indian culture, the Karmapa has re-instated the use of Sanskrit and traditional Indian liturgical settings for core prayers.

His Holiness has also introduced charitable activities in the local area during the Monlam. These have included cleaning the area and planting trees to protect the natural environment, providing a source of safe drinking water near the Mahabodhi Temple, free medical care for local people, and a veterinary camp with an outreach program for their animals. During the Monlam, monks and nuns follow the ancient tradition of the Karmapa’s Great Encampment (Garchen) in Tibet, living in tents and sharing vegetarian meals from a huge communal kitchen.  

The 17th Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje’s Aspiration for the Kagyu Monlam

I make this aspiration that when you recite these prayers during the Monlam, each word may first arise in your heart, and then emerge from your mouth. I pray that every letter and syllable becomes a golden image and that every word fills the entire world. May all the sounds of lament and war as well as the poisonous winds in the environment be dispelled. May these words of love and compassion blend with the innate goodness of every single being and coalesce into one powerful force. Like the light of the sun, moon and stars, may love, compassion and wisdom shine forth. May they strike every single living being and dispel the darkness of ignorance, attachment and hatred that has lurked for ages in their being. When any living being meets another, may it be like the reunion of a mother and child after a long separation. In a harmonious world such as this, may I see everyone sleep peacefully to the music of non-violence. This is my dream.

34th Kagyu Monlam Program

February 6 - March 2 2017

The Empowerment of the Five Deities of Chakrasamvara

February 6, Day 1

 
   
6:00 am • Preparing the Ground
   

February 7, Day 2

 
   
6:00 am • Empowerment Practice [ public not allowed ]
2:00 pm • Preparatory Empowerment
  • Refuge and Bodhisattva Vows
  • Preparatory Empowerment

February 8, Day 3

 
   
6:00 am • Empowerment Practice [ public not allowed ]
2:00 pm • Actual Vase Empowerment

The Grand Examination of Monastic Forms

February 7-8

 
   
7:00 - 9:00 pm • The Grand Examination of Monastic Forms

Teachings on the Torch of True Meaning

February 9, Day 1

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the Torch of True Meaning
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Four-Session Guru Yoga
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the Torch of True Meaning
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Four-Session Guru Yoga
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   

February 10, Day 2

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the Torch of True Meaning
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Four-Session Guru Yoga
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on the Torch of True Meaning
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Four-Session Guru Yoga
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   

February 11, Day 3

 
   
8:00 - 9:30 am • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Teaching on the Four-Session Guru Yoga
   
9:30 - 10:00 am • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
10:00 - 11:30 am • Four-Session Guru Yoga
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
   
2:00 - 3:30 pm • Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • Mandala Offering with Seven Features ( 619 )
  • Teaching on theFour-Session Guru Yoga
   
3:30 - 4:00 pm • Tara Recitation and Tea Service
   
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Four-Session Guru Yoga
  • Mandala Offering with 37 Features ( 613 )
  • Aspiration of Mahamudra ( 353, 329 )
  • Well Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )

 

The 34th Kagyu Monlam

February 13, Day 1

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from the Sutra of Ornamental Appearances ( 43, 36 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • An Explenation from the Sutra in Three Sections
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • The Dedication from the Light of Gold Sutra and following ( 106–116, 100–110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on Potowa’s Long Soliloquy
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • Maitreya’s Aspiration ( 130, 124 )
  • The Aspiration from the Way of the Bodhisattva ( 136, 130 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Accomplishment of True Words ( 333, 309 )
  • Joy and Comfort for Beings ( 337, 313 )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • Verses on Joy and Goodness from the Sutra Requested by a God ( 197, 191 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

February 14, Day 2

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from the Rashtrapala Sutra and following ( 54–80, 47–72 )
  • A Praise of Manjushri ( 227, 221 )
  • Praise of Noble Avalokiteshvara ( 229, 223 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81-116, 74-110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on Potowa’s Long Soliloquy
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • The Sukhavati Prayer “I prostrate with respect” ( 149, 143 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • An Aspiration for the Dharma of the Shangpa Kagyu ( 343, 319 )
  • The Thirty Aspirations ( 351, 327 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • The Auspiciousness of Twelve Deeds ( 190, 184 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

February 15, Day 3

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • Brahma’s Crown: A Praise of Maitreya ( 234, 228 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81-116, 74-110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on Potowa’s Long Soliloquy
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Praises of Tara and Sarasvati ( 281–306, 259–284 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Aspiration of Avalokita ( 360, 336 )
  • Twenty Aspirations of Taklungthangpa ( 367, 343 )
  • The Aspiration of Trophu ( 372, 348 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “May he who utterly conquers greed...” ( 187, 181 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

February 16, Day 4

   
6:00 - 8:30 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • The Praise “Beautiful Ornament of the Earth” ( 251, 244 )
  • Praise of Shri Samantabhadra with Aspirations ( 254, 246 )
  • Praise of the Six Ornaments and Two Great Beings ( 267, 250 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81–116, 74–110 )
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering with 37 Features (613)
  • Supplication to the Lineage of the Bodhisattva Vow ( 274 )
  • Teachings on Potowa’s Long Soliloquy
  • Meditation ( 5 min )
  • Stages of the Path ( 341, 317 )
  • Recitation of the Concise Aspiration ( 169 )
  • Dedications for the Living and Deceased (170, 164–70)
  • The Dharani for the Fulfillment of Aspirations (175, 169)
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Clearing the Path of Obstacles ( 308, 285 )
  • Spontaneous Fulfillment of Wishes ( 321, 297 )
  • Requested Prayers for the Removal of Obstacles
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • Yelpa’s Aspiration ( 379, 358 )
  • The Aspiration "The Wish-Fulfilling Jewel" ( 380 )
  • An Aspiration for the Seven Spiritual Trainings ( 383 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 559–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “I prostrate to the Buddha...” ( 186, 180 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

February 17, Day 5

   
6:00 - 8:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Praises from Ornament of the Sutras and the following ( 62-80, 55-72 )
  • Supplication of the Twenty-Five Chariots ( 270, 253 )
  • The Short Vajradhara Lineage Prayer ( 272, 255 )
  • The Sutra in Three Sections and following ( 81–116, 74–110 )
  • The Aspiration from the Ratnavali ( 113 )
   
8:00 am • Kangyur Procession
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • Mandala Offering
  • The Praise of the Twelve Deeds( 69 )
  • Reading the Kangyur
  • The Aspiration for the Teachings to Flourish ( 621 )
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Seven-Line Prayer ( 307 )
  • Prayers for the Well-Being of Tibet ( no English text )
  • Long Life Prayer for His Holiness the Dalai Lama ( 595 )
  • Long Life Prayer for His Holiness the Sakya Trizin ( separate text, S7 )
  • Long Life Prayer for the head of the Nyingma Lineage ( seperate text)
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • The Noble Aspiration for Excellent Conduct ( 117, 111 )
  • The Aspiration of the Mahamudra of Definitive Meaning ( 353, 329 )
  • The Barom Aspiration ( 405, 359 )
  • Phagmodrupa's Aspiration (408, 362 )
  • The Tsalpa Aspiration ( 410, 364 )
  • The Uncommon Dedication and Aspiration( 416, 370 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “May he who utterly...” ( 187, 181 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
 

February 18, Day 6

   
6:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Refuge and Bodhichitta and following ( 31-42, 24-35 )
  • Prostrations and Offerings to the 16 Elders ( 469-471, 421-423 )
  • "For each and every being ( a protector... )" ( 37-42, 31-35 )
  • "Peerless, the sight of you never satiates..." ( 471-477, 423-429 )
  • Abbreviated offerings ( 80, 73 )
  • Abbreviated confessions ( 91, 83 )
  • Rejoicing and so forth ( 96-97, 89–90 )
  • “Arya arhats, emanations...” (478, 429–30)
   
7:00 am • Sixteen Arhat Procession
   
1:30 - 3:00 pm • Memorial Service for His Majesty King Bhumibol Adulyadej, the late King of Thailand
  • The Sutra in Three Sections ( 81, 74 )
  • Reading the Akshobya Sutra ( 487, S31 )
  • An Aspiration for the Rebirth in the Realm of Abhirati ( 431, 387 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • An Aspiration for Birth in Sukhavati ( 442, 397 )
  • The Indestructible Garland of Vajra ( 181, 175 )
  • Long Life Prayers ( 600–610, S14 )
  • Offerings to the Protectors ( 479-484, 431-436 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • “I prostrate to the Buddha...” ( 186, 180 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • T"he one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)
   
5:00 pm • Akshobya Fire Puja for the Deceased
 

February 19, Day 7

   
6:30 am • Cotton-Clad Procession; Retreat lamas who have completed the three-year retreat
   
6:00 am • Mahayana Sojong Vows ( 3, SI )
  • Sanskrit Prayer ( 7,17 )
  • Offerings to the Gurus ( 533-561, S96-103 )
  • Debate by Monks from the Kagyu Guncho
  • Presentation of Prizes for the 20th Kagyu Guncho
  • Offering the Song of the Essence of Interdependence
  • Recognition of Cotton-Clad Lamas
  • Presentation of the Prizes from the Grand Examination of Monastic Forms
  • Offerings to the Gurus (561–569, S-104–S111)
   
9:00 - 10:30 am • The Sutra in Three Sections ( 81, 74 )
  • Offering to the Gurus ( 562, S111 )
   
1:00 - 2:30 pm • Offerings to the Medicine Buddha ( 501, S45 )
   
3:30 - 5:00 pm • Appreciation of the Sponsors ( 204–214, 198–208 )
  • Special Address ( 30 min. )
  • The Great Aspiration and Dedication ( 157-180, 151-170 )
  • Mila’s Aspiration ( 424, 379 )
  • Aspiration for Well-Being of Tibet ( 427, 382 )
  • Lord Marpa’s Song of Auspiciousness ( 215, 209 )
  • Auspicious Prayers from the Vinaya Topics ( 185, 179 )
  • The Dharma Blaze Aspiration ( 177, 171 )
  • The Auspiciousness of the Great Encampment ( 217, 211 )
  • "The one who taught the truth..." ( 221, 215)

The Great Encampment Mahakala Puja

February 21, Day 1

   
9:00 - 10:00 am • Seating Assignment
1:30 - 4:30 pm • Short Mahakala Puja
5:00 - 6:00 pm • Dö Blessings
 

February 22-23, Day 2-3       Long Mahakala Puja

   
4:00 - 6:30 am • Session I
7:00 - 9:00 am • Session II
9:30 - 12:00 pm • Session III
1:30 - 3:30 pm • Session IV
4:00 - 7:00 pm • Session V
7:30 - 9:30 pm • Session V
 

February 24, Day 4       Medium-length Mahakala Puja

   
2:00 - 4:30 am • Session I
5:00 - 7:30 am • Session II
8:00 - 10:30 am • Session III
12:30 - 3:30 pm • Costumeless Dance
4:00 - 5:30 pm • Session IV
 

February 25, Day 5

   
11:00 - 2:00 am • Mahakala Puja
2:30 - 5:30 am • Mahakala Puja
6:30 am • Blessing of the Dancers by His Holiness
7:00 am • Torma Attack Procession
   
 

Mahakala Dance

8:00 - 10:00 am • Female Guardians of the Gates
10:30 - 3:30 pm • Black Hat Drum Dance
5:00 pm • Shingkyong
5:30 - 6:00 pm • Concluding Ritual
 

February 26, Day 6       Ritual for Receiving Siddhis and Purifying Smoke Offerings

   
4:00 - 7:00 am • Ritual of Receiving Siddhis
7:30 - 9:30 am • Short Mahakala Puja
  • Smoke Offering “Massing Clouds of Amrita”
   
4::30 am

Garchen Great Smoke Offerings

  • The First Tent
  • Monks of Sherab Ling led by Mingyur Rinpoche
   
10:00 am

Long Life Empowerment of the Three Roots Combined and Red Crown Ceremony

  • Bestowed by H.E. Goshir Gyaltsab Rinpoche

Tibetan New Year's Celebration

 

February 27, Day 1

   
4:30 am • Practice of the Three Roots Combined
5:30 am • Long Life to the Gyalwang Karmapa, led by Goshir Gyaltsab Rinpoche
7:30 am • Losar Public Audience
 

February 28, Day 2

   
8:00 am

The Great Seating Ceremony

  • Seven-Line Prayer
  • The amrita hand offering of Vajravarahi
  • First tea service
  • Song and dance
  • Dharma discussion
  • Tea offering "Emanation of Simha, the sixth..."
  • Song of the Three Men from kham
  • Second tea service
  • Song and dance
  • Dharma discussion and debate
  • Tea offering to the three deities of long life
  • Praises to Dusum Khyenpa
  • Long life prayers for the masters and disciples of the Karma Kamtsang
  • An Aspiration for the Well-Being of Tibet
  • "By these, my roots of virtue..."
  • The Auspiciousness of the Great Encampment
  • "The one who taught the truth..."
  • Third tea service
  • Packing the khapsey
   
7:30 pm

The Grand Garchen Losar Feast

  • Chakarasamvara Ganachakra
  • Traditional Song and Dance
  • Concluding Ritual and Auspicious Prayers
   
   
 

March 1, Day 3

   
7:00 pm

Sangharama Ritual

  • Prostrations to Lokeshvara ( Chinese )
  • Refuge and bodhichitta ( Chinese )
  • The Four Immesurables ( Chinese )
  • Self-visualization and invitation of guests ( Tibetan )
  • Incense offering (Chinese)
  • Request to be seated ( Tibetan )
  • Visualization of guests ( Tibetan )
  • Praises of Sangharama ( Chinese )
  • Offerings ( Tibetan )
  • Rejoicing ( Chinese )
  • Invoking activity ( Chinese )
  • Invoking activity ( Tibetan )
  • Request to depart ( Tibetan )
  • Dedications and aspirations ( Chinese )
  •  Auspicious Prayers ( Tibetan )

The Marem Monlam

 

March 2

   
7:30 pm

Marme Monlam

Past Monlams

1983

held from 5th -19th November for two weeks at Bodhgaya. Kyabje Kalu Rinpoche and Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche presided over this Monlam which was attended by some two hundred ordained monks. The Third Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche also came for one day.

1984

a two week-long Monlam, held in November, was attended by a good number of monks and pilgrims.

1985

a two week-long Monlam was held in November like the preceding year.

1986

monks and pilgrims gathered for Monlam at the end of the year, led by Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche.

1987

held for three weeks from 30th December. Kyabje Kalu Rinpoche and Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche presided over this Monlam, which was attended by lamas and monks. They made offerings. The Twelfth Situ Rinpoche also made an appearance.

1988

Monlam was held at the end of the year, presided over by Kyabje Kalu Rinpoche and Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche.

1989

since Kyabje Kalu Rinpoche had passed away, Monlam was held at his seat in Sonamda.

1990

Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche was travelling abroad and could not come for the Monlam, but gave instructions to Lama Choedrak who organised the Monlam at Bodhgaya. It was attended by a good number of lamas, monks and pilgrims.

1991

Monlam was organised in the same way as the previous year.

1992

held from 18th November for ten days. Kyabje Kalu Yangsi Rinpoche and Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche presided over this Monlam. Over two hundred ordained monks attended and made elaborate offerings.

1993

held from 14th December for ten days. It was attended by Kyabje Kalu Yangsi Rinpoche, Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche and over two hundred ordained monks.

1994

Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche was abroad at the time but gave instructions that the Monlam be held as usual and it was attended by a good number of lamas, monks and pilgrims.

1995

held from 1st December for seven days. Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche presided over this Monlam. It was attended by over one hundred monks, nuns and pilgrims.

1996

held from 15th November for ten days. Presided over by Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche, the Monlam was attended by some seven hundred lamas, tulkus, monks, nuns and pilgrims. The year’s Monlam activities consisted of recitation of a hundred thousand
Samantabhadra prayers and Praises to Tara, and the reading of the Kagyur. Finally, an elaborate Pakshi-La-Drup tshog offering marked the end of Monlam.

1997

held from 28th November for ten days. Presided over by Kyabje Kalu Yangsi Rinpoche and Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche, over three thousand monks and nuns of the Kamtshang Kagyu lineage from India, Nepal and Bhutan gathered for this Monlam. Like the previous year, elaborate prayers were organised for the well-being of all beings and particularly for the long life and flourishing activity of the Seventeenth Gyalwang Karmapa. Monlam was formally re-named as the Kamtshang Kagyu Sangha Monlam.

1998

held from 26th December for ten days. Under the blessing umbrella of Kyabje Kalu Yangsi Rinpoche and Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche, over two thousand monks and nuns assembled for the Monlam.

1999

held from 12th December for eight days. Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche presided over five thousand monks and nuns, assembled for the Monlam. His Holiness the Dalai Lama presided over one whole afternoon session on the eighth day. He gave the transmission of a special, non-sectarian Monlam text for the flourishing of the Buddhist teachings, which he himself had composed, Rime Tengyal Monlam. He also gave an address on what is to be abandoned and what is to be cultivated.

2000

presided over by Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche, over one thousand and five hundred monks and nuns attended the Monlam.

2001

held from 13th December for eight days. This elaborate Monlam was the first to be presided over by Pal Gyalwang Karmapa Ogyen Trinley Dorje, along with the Third Kyabje Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche and the Twelfth Kyabje Gyaltshab Rinpoche. Over three thousand sangha members, monks and nuns, assembled for this Monlam. Pal Gyalwang Karmapa began teaching the Jewel Ornament of Precious Liberation and also bestowed a long-life empowerment and precious advice.

2002

held from 31st December for eight days. Pal Gyalwang Karmapa presided over this Monlam and there were over five thousand attendees, both monks and nuns. Pal Gyalwang Karmapa gave advice for the benefit of both sangha and lay community.
His Holiness the Dalai Lama blessed the Monlam by presiding over the tshog offering on the last day.

2003

held from 30th December for eight days. Over two thousand monks and nuns attended. Pal Gyalwang Karmapa continued his teaching on the Jewel Ornament of Precious Liberation. He and Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche together re-named Kamtshang Kagyu Sangha Monlam as Kagyu Monlam.

2004

held from 19th December for eight days. Because Kyabje Bokar Rinpoche had passed away, Pal Gyalwang Karmapa took charge of Monlam in the interest of the teaching in general and particularly for the continuity of the Monlam. He prepared a code of conduct and dress for monks and nuns in accordance with the Vinaya tradition. Over three thousand monks and nuns attended the Monlam and recited the Monlam Ritual Prayers composed by the Seventh Karmapa. The alms gathering procession was held for the first time.

2005

because of the nature of the Tibetan calendar, 2005 and 2006 Monlams were held in the same year. The 2005 Monlam was held from 7th January 2006 for eight days.It was presided over by Pal Gyalwang Karmapa and attended by over three thousand monks and nuns. He revived the tradition of setting up an elaborate altar with huge butter sculptures of Marpa, Milarepa, and Dagpo. He specially commissioned statues of these three fathers of the Kagyu lineage from Nepal, and distributed them to all Kagyu monasteries and centres worldwide. In addition, he concluded his teachings on the Jewel Ornament of Precious Liberation.

2006

held from 27th December for eight days. Pal Gyalwang Karmapa set up a network of teams to make the preparations for Monlam and appointed heads and deputies to supervise them. He presided, along with many senior lamas and tulkus. Over five thousand monks and nuns attended the Monlam. Pal Gyalwang Karmapa began teaching on The Life of Milarepa.

2017

34th Kagyu Monlam Program

Traveling to Bodhgaya

A Brief Introduction to India

The Republic of India is located on the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. It is bounded by the Himalayas in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Arabian Sea in the west. To the north it borders Bhutan, Nepal and parts of Tibet, to the west Pakistan, and to the northeast both Bangladesh and Myanmar. It covers an area of approximately 3,287,782 km2, measuring 3,214 km from north to south and 2,933 km from east to west. This geographic area makes it the seventh largest country in the world. The country is divided into 27 provinces now called states and seven federally governed union territories. New Delhi is the capital

The climate comprises a wide range of weather conditions and microclimates due to the enormous geographic scale and varied topography. Although the whole country is considered tropical, its higher elevations have more temperate weather including fog. The progress of the southwest monsoon wind drives the movement of seasons. While traditional Indian culture divides the calendar into six seasons, modern climatic studies generally divide it into three to four predominant ones: winter stretching from December through February with temperatures night and day ranging between 5-25ºC; summer from March through June with temperatures from 35-48ºC; autumn in October and November with temperatures between 18-35 ºC. July through September, referred to as the monsoon or rainy season, usually brings relief from the stupendous summer heat.

Nearly 18% of the world’s population lives in India and its dependent territories. India’s population in 2012 was estimated at 1.22 billion people. Hindi is the official language, but English is used extensively in business and government. It is also taught in many schools. In addition to 14 semi-official languages, the over 1,600 dialects are spoken.

Travelers to India usually arrive by air. There are international flights to Delhi, Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Chennai (formerly Madras) or Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) and Amritsar. During the height of the tourist season there are also direct flights from Bangkok to Gaya. It is also possible to enter the country by car or bus from Bhutan or Nepal.

A visa is mandatory for all non-resident, non-citizens of India other than citizens of Bhutan and Nepal. They are available by application in person or by post from Indian Embassies and High Commissions or through specialist visa agencies.

Your passport must have a minimum validity of six months from the time of application. Your visa must remain valid during your entire stay.

 

Getting Visa

A visa is mandatory for all non-resident, non-citizens of India other than citizens of Bhutan and Nepal.

Two types of visa are available for tourists. If you wish to stay no longer than a month, a special e-visa is now available on-line for most nationalities.

If you wish to stay longer than a month, you will need to apply for a regular visa and follow the application procedure in your country. Usually the initial application has to be made on-line, followed by an application in person at the Indian Embassy, High Commission or designated visa agency. If you cannot attend in person, you can also apply by post or through a private visa agency.

Your passport must have a minimum validity of six months from the time of application. Your visa must remain valid during your entire stay.

 

A Brief Introduction to Bodhgaya

Bodhgaya is one of the holiest Buddhist pilgrimage sites. It is located in Gaya District of Bihar state in India. Prince Siddhartha attained perfect enlightenment under a bodhi tree in Bodygaya some 2,500 years ago. Historically, it was known as the Bodhimanda or ground around the bodhi tree. Some 250 years later, dharma king Ashoka visited this holy site and he is considered the founder of the Mahabodhi Temple. The famous Chinese monk scholar Xuanzang visited this site in 637 CE.

The sacred site of Bodhgaya was “lost” for centuries as Buddhism declined in India. After Burmese Buddhists rediscovered it in the 1880s, the British colonial government began restoration work. In 1891, the Sri Lankan Buddhist leader Anagarika Dharmapala founded the Mahabodhi Society and started a campaign to return control of the temple to Buddhists. In 1949, the Society became part of the 9-member management committee of the temple. In 2002, UNESCO declared Bodhgaya a World Heritage Site.

Today, this holy ground is home to more than a dozen temples and educational institutes representative of Buddhist traditions from various areas, including China, Japan, Korean, Taiwan, Bhutan, Tibet, Thailand, Bangladesh, and Burma. Several historical sites, such as Rajgir and Nalanda University, are in the vicinity.

Insert 2: An area map of Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Nalanda, and other historical sites.

Insert 3: A Street Map of Bodhgaya showing the location of Kagyu Monlam Chenmo/Mahabodhi Temple, Tergar Monastery, hotels, and main attractions.

 

Getting There

Delhi – Bodhgaya ................. 1,008 km
Gaya – Bodhgaya ................. 16 km
Patna –Bodhgaya ................. 135 km
Varanasi – Bodhgaya ............ 252 km

 

By Air

Gaya Airport is 7 km from the town of Bodhgaya. Between October and February, a few international and domestic airlines offer flights to Gaya:

Thai Airways International (from Bangkok)
Thai Smile Air (from Bangkok)
Air India (from Delhi, Kolkata ( Mondays and Fridays only ), or Varanasi)
Drukair Royal Bhutanese Airlines (from Kathmandu, Bangkok, or Paro)
Myanmar Airways International (from Mandalay, Yangon)
SriLankan Airlines (from Colombo)

Patna Airport is about 115 km north of Bodhgaya. Many domestic airlines offer regular flights to Patna from New Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and Varanasi.

Air India (from Delhi )
GoAir (from Delhi, Mumbai)
IndiGo (from Bangalore,Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai)
Jet Airways (from Delhi)
SpiceJet (from Bangalore, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai)

Varanasi (Benares) Airport is further away at 240 km.

Air India (from Kathmandu, Delhi)
Buddha Air (from Kathmandu)
Jet Airway, IndiGo, SpiceJet (from Delhi)
Thai Smile Air (from Bangkok)
Thai Airways International (from Bangkok)

Long distance bus is also an option for travel from the airport in Patna or Varanasi to Bodhgaya. Travel agencies can arrange for a car or jeep, a tour bus or a minibus to meet you or your group at the airport and then drive you to Bodhgaya. Tourist taxis are easily available around the airport as well, although the former may be safer.

 

By Train

Travel by train is inexpensive and offers a unique opportunity to see the country and meet the people. However, travelers are advised to exercise caution for a safe journey. Arriving in Bodhgaya during daylight hours is recommended for your safety.

Gaya Train Station is approximately 16 km north of Bodhgaya. Several train lines connected to New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi (formerly Benares) and Patna stop at Gaya. Tourist taxis are easily available around the station.
From Delhi: Grand Chord line of the Delhi-Kolkata section of Eastern Railway, Rajdhani Express, Purushottam Express, Howrah-Kolkata Mail
From Kolkata: Howrah Express, Kolkata-Howrah Mail, Rajdhani Express
From Patna: Palamau Express, Hatia Patna Express.
From Varanasi: Doon Express, AC Express, Poorva Express.

More information is available online from the official website of Indian
Railways (http://www.indianrail.gov.in) and various travel agencies.

 

By Car or Jeep

Bodhgaya is connected by road to many cities and towns. Reputable travel agencies can arrange for a reliable car or jeep with a dependable driver.

Nalanda (101 km)
Rajgir (78 km)
Patna (135km)
Varanasi (252 km)
Calcutta (495km).

 

Tips for Travel by Train

1. Train tickets for most lines are sold typically in several different categories: A/C First Class, A/C Sleeper in two- or three-tier, A/C Chair Car, 2nd Class (non A/C) in two- or three-tier. Because these categories can be confusing, it is best to consult a travel agent or tourist service center before purchasing one.

2. Timetables (Trains at a Glance) can be hard to read or understand. It’s therefore easier to buy a train ticket through a travel agent or tourist service center.

3. Safety around train stations. Areas surrounding railway stations, and crowded areas in general, are notoriously high risk areas full of pickpockets and thieves. Plan ahead to avoid both pushing or being pushed through a crowded area and searching through your bags for tickets or visas or cash. Never open a bag of any kind in public. Keep whatever you need handy, like a small amount of cash and your ticket, in a secure inside pocket.

4. Do not expose any valuables or cash at any time. Whenever possible use the waiting room for First Class and A/C Sleeper passengers. Pay special attention when getting in and out of trains—or any other transport. Bodhgaya is located in Bihar State which is especially infamous for dacoits (bandits) and crime.

5. Security on trains. First Class A/C compartments are the only place that are normally quite safe. None of the others are. Do not leave anything of value close to open train windows, doors and walkways. Never leave anything on your seat if you vacate it even for a moment to use a toilet or stretch your legs. Tightly lock up and chain your luggage to a seat for security if you plan to sleep. Do not accept food or drink from anyone including casual acquaintances on trains. Have your own snacks with you, somewhere easy to reach without exposing your valuables, visa or cash.

 

 

Weather and What to Bring

The Kagyu Monlam Chenmo usually takes place from late December to early January, late winter or early spring, when the weather is pleasantly dry, warm and sunny. During the day, the temperature is usually somewhere between 20-30ºC (68 to 86ºF), but early mornings and evenings it can drop as low as 4 or 5 ºC (40ºF). Bring layers of clothing to wear and a pair of new slippers or thick socks to wear at the Temple or at the Monlam Pavilion.

Make sure that your vaccinations are up-to-date, especially for Hepatitis. Bring an adequate supply of prescription medicines, over the counter medications such as ibuprofen and nutrient supplements if you use them. Have your doctor recommend a basic travel medical kit.

You should bring sun-screen lotion, moisturizer, and lip balm and a good quality hand sanitizer, Pepto-Bismol tablets, sun hat, and oral rehydration sachets. You will be able to buy purified water for drinking, cleaning your teeth etc. A thermos bottle and small travel kettle or heating coil (with the proper adaptor) can be very handy, especially if you bring packets of instant soup or coffee or tea bags; these will enable you to make your own hot drinks in your hotel room.

Sleeping bags are recommended for those choosing a budget or middle price hotel, or a guest house.

You must have an FM radio with earphones to get a translation of the talks, rituals and other events in your own language. Do not bring a device without earphones as you will disturb everyone around you.

This is a sacred occasion attended by many monks and nuns, so plan to observe a dress code which maintains modesty. Loose fitting clothes work best for comfort and decency.

Bring a pair of shoes/sandals that are easy to slide off because you will be asked to remove your shoes on many occasions.

 

Bodhgaya Hotels and Guest Houses

“Contact information for places to stay in Bodhgaya. Details are posted for convenience; Kagyu Monlam does not endorse any guest houses.”

Anukul Guest House
Tel. 91 631 2201 915
Mobile 91 9934 063 213
New Temple Marg, Bodhgaya, 824231
Email: ankulguesthouse@yahoo.com | raj_bodhgaya@yahoo.com

Aramapali Guest House
Tel. 91 631 2201 936
Mobile 91 9431 279 557
Opp. Park gate, Bodh Gaya, 824231, Bihar

Bodh Gaya Guest House
Tel. 91 631 2200 101
Next to International Meditation Ctr.

Bodhgaya Regency Hotel
near Japanese Temple (Mastipur)
Bodh Gaya 824231, Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel: 0091-631 2200 415
Email info@bodhgayaregency.com

Buddha Bhumi Guest House
Behind Maya Sarowar, Siddhartha Nagar,
Bodhgaya, 824231,
Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel +91 631 2200 406
Mob.+91 80844 44131 or 91994 67674
Email: ranjanpawan@gmail.com

Deep Guest House
Tel. 91 631 2200 463
Fax 91 631 2200 463
Near Sujata Bridge & Burmese Vihar

Dhamma Guest House
North Kalachakra Ground, Bodhgaya, 824321
Gaya Bihar, INDIA
Tel: +91 631 220 0082/ +91 93349 49258/ +91 8986534786
Arjun Kumar Saw, Proprietor Mob. +91 93349 49258 or 89865 34786

Hafiz Naseem House
Mobile 91 9934 058 930

Hotel Bodhgaya Gautam
Domuhan Road, Baijhu Bigha,
Bodhgaya, 824231,
Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Sr. Mgr, Jitendra Kumar
Mob. +91 094312 90098 or 96311 11148
Email: jitu_bgaya@rediffmail.com
Website: www.hotelbodhgayagautam.com

Hotel Embassy
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200799
Mobile 91 9431 225 041
Fax 91-631-2200711
Email: embassyhotelbodhgaya@yahoo.com

Hotel Galaxy
Nyingma Temple Road,
Bodhgaya, Gaya, Bihar, 824231
Tel: 0631 2200006, +91-9801666263
Fax 0631 2200066
Email: hotel_galaxy@yahoo.com
Website: www.hotelgalaxyintercontinental.com

Hotel Heritage
Email: hotelheritagebg@gmail.com / info@hotelheritagebodhgaya.com
Tel: (91) 631 2200 202
Mobile: (91) 93342 11627

Hotel Kanako International
Katorwa Road, behind 80 foot Buddha Statue,
Bodhgaya, 824231,
Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel +91 631 2201 698
Email: info@hotelkanako.com
Website: www.hotelkanako.com
D.K. Sinha, Manager Mob. +91 99394 91433 or 93863 332256

Hotel Mahayana
PO Box 4
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200756, 2200675
Fax 91-631-2200676
Email: mahayanagh@yahoo.com

Hotel Niranjana
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200475
Fax 91-631-2200873

Hotel Om International
near Kalachakra Ground,
Bodhgaya 824231,
Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel: +91 631 2200185
Fax: +91 631 2200195
Email: info@hotelominternational.net
Website: www.hotelominternational.net

Hotel R K Palace
Main Temple Road,
Bodhgaya - 824232 Gaya, Bihar INDIA
Tel: +91- 631 - 2200205 / 2200004
Email: rkpalace.13@gmail.com
Website: www.hotelrkpalace.co.in
S. T. Ahmad. Manager Mob +91- 810 291 9871

Hotel Shashi International
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200459, 2200316
Fax 91-631-2200483
Email: hotelshashi@gmail.com / info@hotelshashi.com
Website: www.hotelshashi.com
Umesh Upadhyay, manager Mob +91 94302 01308 / 88096 18633

Hotel Smart Palace
Before Tergar Monastery on Sujata Bypass Road,
Bodhgaya, Gaya, 824231 Bihar, India
Email: deonathkumar73@gmail.com
(91) 9504781777
(91) 9631844118

Hotel Tathagat
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200106, 2201991
Fax 91-631-2200107
Email: swagat@hoteltathagatbodhgaya.net

Hotel Thai International
Opposite Japanese Temple, Mastipur,
Bodhgaya, 824231,
Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel +91 631 2200 786/ 2200 186
Fax +91 631 2201 140
P.K. Srivastava, GM Mob. +91 99319 79369 or 97983 91482
Email: gmhotelthaiinternational@rediffmail.com

Hotel Tokyo Vihar
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2201141, 2200820
Mobile 91 9431 453 672
Fax 91-631-2201140
Email: hoteltokyovihar@rediffmail.com

Hotel Vaishal International
Bodhgaya, 824231, Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel & Fax +91 631 2200 633
Mob. +91 98529 20046
Email: htlvishal@gmail.com
Website: www.hotelvishalinternational.com

Hotel Vaishali Residency
Near 80 foot Buddha Statue,
Bodhgaya, 824231, Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel +91 631 2200 251
Mob +91 72771 23251
Email: htlvaishali@gmail.com
Website: www.hotelvaishaliresidency.com

Hotel Vipassana
Near Chinese Temple, Bodhgaya 824231,
Tel & Fax +91 621 2200 628
Sunil Kumar Goyal mob +91 99342 90625 / 9835607698
Email: hotelvipassana@gmail.com
Website: www.hotelvipassana.com

International Meditation Center
Tel: (91) 0631 2200 707
Mobile: (91) 99558 19226

Jyoti Guest House
Mobile 91 9931 604 177 / 91 9934 687 266
Opp. Jai Prakash Park, Bodhgaya 824231 (Gaya, Bihar, India)

Kaushalya Guest House
(near Tergar Monastery, Bypass road, Pachatti)
Bodhgaya, 824231, Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Email: kaushalyaguesthouse@gmail.com
Website: www.kaushalyaguesthouse.com
Uma Shankar Patel +91 800 2233 404 mobile +91 94312 14177

Kirti Guest House
P.O Box No.21, Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200744
Mobile 91 9431 223 016
Email: kirtihouse744@yahoo.com

Laxmi Guest House
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200110
Mobile 91 9431 453 084
Siddhartha Nagar, Bodh Gaya (Bihar) India
Email: rajnish_deepu@yahoo.co.in or laxmi_house@yahoo.co.jp

Lotus Nikko Hotel
Email: lotus_bodhgaya@sify.com
Tel: (91) 631 2200 700/789
Mobile: (91) 09801 863216

Mahabodhi Hotel/ Resort/ Convention Centre
Via Tekuna Farm, BMP Camp 3, Hariharpur, Bodhgaya, Dist. Gaya, Bihar, India 824231
Email: marketing@mahabodhihotel.com / mahabodhihotelbodhgaya@gmail.com
mobile # (91) 7546988903/ 00/ 01 phone # (91)0631 2900801/ 802
please note : Mahabodhi Hotel/ Resort is closer to the Gaya Airport, not in Bodhgaya

OM Guest House
Mobile 91 9934 057 498 or 91 9939 995 094
Near Main Temple

Rahul Guest House
near Kalachakra Ground
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91 631 2200 709
Mobile 91 9934 463 849

Ram's Guest House
Tel. 91 631 2200 644 / 2201 909
Siddhartha Nagar, Bodh Gaya 824231 (Bihar) India
Email: ramshouse2002@yahoo.com.in

Ravi's Guest House
Bodh Gaya 824231
Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91 631 2200 949
Mobile 91 9939 602 341

Royal Residency
Domuhan Road, Bodhgaya, 824231, Bihar, India
Tel: +91 631 2200 368
Fax: +91 631 2200 124 or 367
EMail: rrbodhgaya@gmail.com
Website: http://www.theroyalresidency.net/bodhgaya/contact_bodhgaya.htm

Sanghmitra Guest House
near International Meditation Centre
Bodhgaya, 824231, Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Mobile: +91 800 2583174 / 94312 96613 / 93345 19432

New Sanghmitra Guest House
near Chakma Temple, behind Maya Sarovar
Bodhgaya, 824231, Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel: +91 947211 5854 / +91 9472115855 / +91 947211 58 57 / +91 9482841500
Email: singharchana122@gmail.com

Sang Priya Guest House
Behind International Meditation Centre, Bodh Gaya, 824231
Mobile #s: (0091) 093349 86495 / 0875716 7004 / 096617 5866
Tel +91 00631 2200 800 / +91 631 320 1661
Mobile +91 09661758663
Arun Kumar, manager Mobile +91 9334986495 +91 8757167004

Sangh Shree Guest House
Siddhartha Nagar (Miya Bigha),
Bodhgaya, 824231, Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Tel +91 631 2050 804
Email: manishsharma_gopal@yahoo.in or mkgopal287@gmail.com
Manish Kumar Mob. +91 99349 87287

Shechen Monastery Guest House
near State Bank of India, Bodhgaya, 824231, Bihar, India
Email: ngawang@hotmail.com
Tel: +91 9939 188 777

Sujata Hotel
Bodh Gaya 824231, Gaya, Bihar, India
Tel. 91-631-2200481
Fax 91-631-2200515

Superiya Guest House
North of Kalachakra Ground,
Bodhgaya 824231,
Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Mob. +91 99552 81655 or 85810 19322

Taiwan Temple Guest House
Tel: (91)631 2200 503 / 631 2200 673
Mobile: 00 886 93737 4088

Vien Giac Institute
Tel. 91 631 2200 237 / 2200 252
near Kalachakra Ground

Vidya Shree Residency
Saxena Road, Near Root Institute,
Bodhgaya, 824231, Gaya, Bihar, INDIA
Email: vidyasriresidency@gmail.com
Mob. +91 94312 25771 or 80026 94039

Welcome Guest House
Tel. 91 631 2200 377
Mobile 91 9934 221 943
Opp. Jai Prakash Park, Bodhgaya 824231 (Gaya, Bihar, India)
Email: welcomeguest_house@yahoo.co.in or brajeshbodhgaya@rediffmail.com

 

 

Getting Around in Bodhgaya

Auto-rickshaws, cycle-rickshaws, and tourist taxis are the best way to get around Bodhgaya. It is necessary to negotiate and agree on a price and all trip details before setting out. Try to keep small change in rupees for the payments.

Because India is the home of the sacred cow doctrine, cows are likely to be roaming at large in the streets. It is considered a serious crime to hit a cow with a car or rickshaw so please have drivers be very cautious. Charging foreigners high penalties for hitting or hurting a cow is not uncommon.

 

Indian Food

Food and diet vary greatly in India, a land of such varied ethnicity, religion, geography and climate. Approximately 80% of the population is Hindu, 15% Muslim. Hindus do not eat beef, and these days most Indian states ban the slaughter of cows and consumption of beef. Chicken is widely available but many Indians are dedicated vegetarians and this may be the safest option.

Indian cooking is famous for its wide variety of flavors, usually achieved by a creative use of spices. The most common are chili pepper, cinnamon, turmeric cardamom, cloves, cumin, nutmeg, fenugeek and mustard seed. Curry is a combination of them and does not necessarily mean hot. The spiciness varies. Dhal (lentils, split peas and beans), rice and Indian breads such as naan, chapati, puri, roti, paratha are ubiquitous staples. Indians use a lot of potatoes, known as aloo, and make pancakes and breads from lentils. Lassi, a yogurt like drink, helps digestion and provides extra protein but you must be careful that it does not contain water. Chai, Indian milk tea, and masala or spiced tea (spiced with ginger, cinnamon, cardamom) are among favorite drinks, served virtually everywhere.

Do not eat anything raw. It’s best not to eat fruit unless it can be peeled like a banana or orange.

Exercise extreme caution at all times especially concerning water. Be very certain that any plate, glass or utensil you use has been thoroughly dried so there are no drops of water left on it to contaminate it. Do not drink any water that does not come from a sealed bottle or has not been boiled. When you buy mineral water, check the bottle seal to make sure it hasn’t been opened. Avoid any food that might contain unboiled water and ice cubes.

 

Currency Exchange

The Indian currency is the rupee, available in 2,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10, rupee notes, and 10, 5, and 1 rupee coins. The exchange rate is currently around 67 rupees to 1 $US

It may be best to exchange money on arrival at the airport banks or licensed money changers such as Thomas Cook. You will need a passport and visa to do this. Please be advised that torn or very worn currency notes will often be rejected by local merchants, so check the notes you are given before leaving any exchange counter. A good supply of small denomination notes always comes in handy for butter lamps, rickshaw fares, small meals or needy people.

 

Local Customs

1. Namaste” is an all-purpose greeting. It can be used in place of “Good morning,” “Good afternoon,” “Good evening,” “Welcome,” “How are you?” and so on.

2. When responding to a question, Indians tend to shake their heads from side to side. This can mean “OK,” “No problem,” or “Yes.”

3. In most areas, an Indian house doesn’t have a street address, or a sign. When giving directions, locals rely on landmarks such as bridges, temples, and markets. It’s a good way to navigate the landscape.

4. The pace of life in India is relatively slow. Allow extra time and practice patience.

5. Do not touch the heads of children, because it is considered the sacred part of a person.

6. Indian etiquette dictates that one uses the right hand to eat, the left is used to handle unclean matter and is thus perceived as unclean. Therefore, avoid touching others with your left hand or giving things to others with your left hand.

7. Typical business hours are 9:00 - 13:00, 14:00 -17:30, Monday through Friday. Government agencies and many large-sized business organizations are closed on Saturdays and Sundays.

8. Cows are considered sacred and let free to roam in India. Hurting cows in any way is a serious offense.

9. Before entering a religious place, remove your shoes. Put them on shelves or in the designated area if available. Otherwise, carry them with you in a plastic bag or your backpack.

 

General Safety Tips for Travel in India

1. In tourist areas, thieves and pickpockets mix in with the crowd. Keep your bags close to your body at all times. Avoid crowds where possible or be extra careful when in the midst of crowds.

2. When taking a taxi or rickshaw, negotiate and agree on a price, location of drop-off and pick-up, etc., before setting off to avoid conflicts later on. Be sure that the driver knows where you want to go.

3. Bargaining is a fact of life when shopping in India. If you have no intention to buy, do NOT enter into a serious bargaining for fun especially in Bodhgaya.

4. Food poisoning can ruin your entire trip. So, pay close attention to food safety, eat freshly cooked food, refrain from eating salads, raw food, and cold dishes unless you know for sure they are properly prepared, and avoid ice cubes unless you can be sure they were made from boiled water.. These days most bottled water is safe but not always. Check the seal to make sure that the bottle has not been tampered with. In restaurants insist that the bottle has not been opened by the waiter. Open it yourself.

5. Diarrhea saps energy and you can become quite ill very quickly, so don’t ignore it. Rehydrate your body after such incidents with electrolyte drinks (available in tablets and as powder).

6. If you get a cold or flu, treat it with remedies that work for you. Try not to pass it on to others by wearing a mask and/or avoiding close contact. Flu bugs can go around easily and quickly in a big gathering.

7. Clean your hands frequently with hand sanitizer or wipes.

8. Air pollution is common in most Indian towns and cities. Use masks in congested areas.

9. Take measures against theft. Do not assume hotel rooms are safe. Inquire if the hotel can keep your passport, travellers’ checks and valuables safely and if it guarantees secure storage. Make copies of your passport and Indian visa and a list of travelers’ check numbers, Leave one set with friends or keep it separate from the originals. Lock your hotel room securely whenever you leave, put on the extra security chain before you go to sleep.

 

Other Useful Tips:

1. India has only one time zone and does not adopt daylight saving time (DST). It is 13 hours and 30 minutes ahead of the west coast of North America during non-DST period, or 12 hours 30 minutes during DST period. It is 2 hours and 30 minutes behind Taiwan, Hong Kong, and China.

2. Electricity is 220-240 volts AC, and unstable in most areas. India uses 2- or 3-round-pin plugs but socket sizes vary and may not be always available at hotels. You may want to bring a universal adaptor and/or transformers.

3. Reception of cell/mobile phones is not stable, but there are many STD/ISD phone booths to make international calls at low rates.